All students are cognitively engaged in the activities and assignments in their explorations of content. Students initiate or adapt activities and projects to enhance understanding.
Instructional groups are productive and fully appropriate to the instructional goals of a lesson. Students take the initiative to influence instructional groups to advance their understanding. Instructional materials and resources are suitable to the instructional goals and engage students mentally. Student initiate the choice, adaptation, or creation of materials to enhance their own purposes.